Fine-Grained Coal Recovery in Opencast Mining
TORNADO® T1 rotary lobe pumps ensure optimum decantation of water
Compared to the centrifugal pumps frequently used, rotary lobe pumps not only have a higher efficiency but also enable more precise metering.
Look behind the scenes
In Australian open-pit mining, fine coal dust is extracted from water-coal dust mixture with a temperature of 25 °C. "For this purpose, the mixture is first fed to horizontal belt filters", says Steve Weir, Business Development Manager at NETZSCH Australia Pty Ltd. Until August 2017, two centrifugal pumps were used for decanting the excess water. However, these pumps were not ideal. For example, they had a high NPSHr value, which meant that the intended flow rates could not be met with precision. "Cavitation's, or gas-filled bubbles, frequently develop in centrifugal pumps. They not only reduce the efficiency of the system, but make accurate metering impossible", says Weir. "This, in turn, limited the throughput of the system." The management, therefore, decided to replace the pumps with other models, which were expected to discharge process water with more precision, reliability and efficiency.
The essential requirement for the new units was their suitability for pumping product containing solid matter. They also needed to feature flow rate of 240 m³/h, pressure of three bar, and NPSHr of 1.8 m. Finally, the management selected two rotary lobe pumps of the NETZSCH TORNADO® T1 series in size XLB-6/2. These pumps not only meet the requirements of the open-pit operator in terms of flow rate, pressure, delivery rate and suction; they also have exceptionally convenient dimensions. The key advantage of the two TORNADO® T1 models over the previous system is that the NETZSCH models are self-priming positive-displacement pumps, which guarantee continuous delivery.
Since August 2017, the two TORNADO® T1 pumps have been employed to decant excess water from the vacuum tank, and to convey it to the clarifying or thickening tank. Water is recovered there, and then reused in the coal treatment plant. The two VSD-driven XLB-6/2 units ensure stable and lower liquid level in the vacuum receiver, which can thus be operated with a larger vacuum chamber. The vacuum for draining coal fines is thus more reliable. "Higher vacuum and more uniform vacuum level lead to more efficient recovery of coal fines," explains Weir.
In view of this result, the mine operator is very positive about the new rotary lobe pumps. "We are very satisfied with the pump operation and the current performance of the plant", says a representative of the company. "This system has already paid for itself in the first three weeks of operation". The company operates several coal mines in Australia, and plans to integrate NETZSCH pumps into the decanting system into at least one further mine. They also plan to purchase a free-shaft TORNADO® T1 pump as a replacement pump.
TORNADO® T1 rotary lobe pumps
Product: Water-coal dust mixture
Rotations speed: 218 U/min
Throughput volume: 240 m³/h
Temperature: 25 °C
Pressure: 3 bar
Viscosity: 5 mPas
NPSHr: 1,8 m